Agricultural Production Zones in Uganda


 

Map of Agricultural Production Zones



   Description Of The Agricultural Production Zones And Selected Enterprises

Zone

Districts

Climate

Other characteristics

Enterprises

1

  • Moroto
  • Northern Kotido
  • Eastern Kitgum
  • Average rainfall of 745 mm with high variability, from about 600 mm over the north and north-eastern parts to about 1000 mm over the southern and western parts.
  • One rainy season of about 5½ months, from
  • April to early September with the main peak in July/August and a secondary peak in May. One long dry season of about 6 months from October to March. Most dry months from December to February.
  • Evaporation exceeds rainfall by a factor of over 10 during the driest months, December to February. During the rainy season evaporation is slightly more than rainfall.
  • Temperature ranges 12.5 – 32.5 °C
  • Altitude ranges from 351 – 1,524 m ASL
  • Generally flat with isolated hills
  • Abundance of land still abundant in this zone
  • Shifting cultivation is practiced
  • Soils are moderate to poor
  • There is largely subsistence farming and
  • pastoral activities
  • There are no natural open water bodies
  • Area is semi arid
  • Poor underdeveloped infrastructure
  • Ongoing programmes include NUSAF, KDA and WFP
  •  Civil strife and cattle rustling
  • Gum Arabica
  • Sesame seed
  • Apiculture
  • Goats/Skins
  • Beef cattle/Hides
  • Ostriches
  • Sunflower

Zone

Districts

Climate

Other characteristics

Enterprises

2

  • Pader
  • Kitgum
  • Eastern Lira
  • Katakwi
  • Northern Sironko
  • Northern Kapchorwa
  • Nakapiripirit
  • Southern Kotido
  • Average rainfall of 1197 mm with moderate variability, from about 1000 mm over the north and north-eastern parts to about 1300 mm over western and southern parts
  • One rainy season of about 7 months, from April to late October with the main peak in July/August and a secondary peak in May.
  • One long dry season of about 4 months from mid-November to late March. Driest months are from December to February.
  •  Evaporation exceeds rainfall by a factor of over 10 during the driest months, December to February.
  • During the rainy months, May; July and August rainfall is slightly more than evaporation
  • Temperature ranges from 15 - 32.5 °C
  • Altitude ranges from 975 – 1,524 m ASL
  • Generally flat with isolated hills
  • Land is available but mainly in communal ownership
  • Shifting cultivation is practiced
  • Soils are moderate to poor
  • Wide wetlands with potential for irrigation
  • Farming is mainly communal and
  • predominantly subsistence with emerging
  • commercial farms
  • There is communal labour for cultivation
  • There is moderate to high literacy
  • Moderate infrastructure development
  • Area suffers from low incidental strife
  • Programmes include NUSAF, Olweny Rice Scheme, and VODP
  • Apiculture
  • Beef cattle/Hides
  • Goats/Skins
  • Sesame Seeds
  • Cassava
  • Pulses
  • Sunflower

Zone

Districts

Climate

Other characteristics

Enterprises

4

  • Eastern Nebbi
  • South-Western Gulu
  • Western Masindi
  • Average rainfall of 1259 mm with high variability, from about 800 within the Lake Albert basin to about 1500 mm over the western parts
  • Mainly one rainy season of about 8 months, from late March to late November with the main peak from August to October and a secondary peak in April/May.

 

  • One long dry season of about 3½ months, from December to about mid March.
  • Driest months December to February. Evaporation exceeds rainfall by a factor of about 6 during the
  • Driest months from December to March.

 

  • During the rainy season, July to October, evaporation exceeds rainfall.
  • Temperature ranges from 17.5 – 32.5 °C
  • Altitude ranges from 351 – 1,341 m ABL
  • Largely parkland with potential for livestock ranching.
  • Generally flat with undulating hills
  • Good to moderate soils
  • Moderate literacy levels
  • Largely peaceful but with influx of refugees
  • Infrastructure is moderate to poor
  • There is a possibility of block farming on a large scale in the short term due to the IDPs
  • Land available in this zone and hence there is high potential for increased production
  • Have advantage of cross border trade with DR Congo
  • On-going programmes are NUSAF.
  • Northwest Smallholder Agric project, UWA Programme
  • Spices
  • Fisheries
  • Cassava
  • Apiculture
  • Beef cattle/Hides
  • Goats/Skins
  • Cotton
     

5

  • Kayunga
  • Kamuli
  • Iganga
  • Northern Bugiri
  • Tororo
  • Northern Busia
  • Southern Mbale
  • Pallisa
  • Kumi
  • Soroti
  • Kaberamaido
  • 1Southern Lira

 

  • Southern Apac
  • Average rainfall range of 1215 mm -1328 mm
  • Two rainy seasons in the southern part with the main season from March to May with peak in April and secondary season from August to November with a peak in October/November.

 

  • Main dry season December to February, secondary dry season is June and July.
  • Evaporation exceeds rainfall by a factor of about 3 during the dry months of December to February.

 

  • During the main rainy season rainfall is greater and or about equal to evaporation.
  • Virtually one rainy season in the northern part from March to November, with the main peak in April/May and a secondary peak in August/September.
  • One dry season December to about mid March.
  • Evaporation exceeds rainfall by a factor of about 8during the dry months December to February.
  • During the main rainy season rainfall is greater and or about equal to evaporation
  • Temperature ranges from 15 – 32.5 °C
  • Altitude ranges from 914 – 1,800 m ASL
  • Land flat and swampy
  • Soils are poor to moderate
  • Small-scale subsistence mainly annual crops with some pastoralist
  • Some commercial farms
  • Moderate to low literacy levels
  • Fairly well endowed with resources
  • Stable geo-politically
  • Land is available for commercial
  • farming
  • Ongoing programmes include
  • NAADS and many others
  • Fisheries
  • Apiculture
  • Maize
  • Pulses
  • Beef cattle
  • Cassava
  • Goats

Zone

 

Climate

Other characteristics

Enterprises

6

1. Kampala
2. Mukono
3. Wakiso
4. Eastern Mpigi
5. Eastern Masaka
6. Eastern Rakai
7. Kalangala
8. Jinja
9. Mayuge
10. Southern Bugiri
11. Southern Busia

  • Average rainfall of 1,200 to 1,450 mm
  • Two rainy seasons in the eastern part of the zone with the main season from March to May with peak in April and secondary season from August to November with a modest peak in October/November.
  • Main dry season December to February, secondary dry season is June to September.
  • Evaporation exceeds rainfall by a factor of about 2 during the dry months, December to February.

 

  • During the peak of the rainy seasons rainfall is greater and or equal to evaporation
  • Two rainy seasons in the western part of the zone with the main season March to May with peak in April and secondary season October to December with a peak in November.
  • Main dry season for June to September, secondary dry season is January and February.

 

  • Evaporation exceeds rainfall by a factor of about 3 during the dry months, June to August.
  • During the main rainy season rainfall is greater and or equal to evaporation.
  • Temperature ranges from 15 – 30 °C
  • Altitude ranges from 1,000 – 1,800 m ABL
  • Hilly and flat with wetland and forested areas
  • Soils are good to moderate
  • Small medium and large-scale intensive farming with potential for commercial production
  • Infrastructure generally good.
  • Prospects for processing zones and warehousing
  • Entrepreneurship skills are fairly well developed.
  • Skilled labour is readily available
  • Service providers available
  • Attitudes positive and open to new
  • technology
  • Literacy levels fairly high
  • Generally well endowed with resources
  • Stable and mostly cosmopolitan with high
  • potential for urban farming
  • Land is generally available through sale
  • Lots of private investment opportunities
  • High potential for irrigation
  • Higher migrant labour available
  • Water for industry available
  • Most ongoing programmes are present here

1. Robusta coffee
2. Fisheries
3. Spices
4. Floriculture
5. Horticulture7
6. Vanilla
7. Cocoa
8. Dairy cattle

Zone

Districts

Climate

Other characteristics

 

7

  • Hoima
  • Kiboga
  • Southern Luwero
  • Mubende
  • Kibaale
  • Kyenjojo
  • Kabarole
  • Kamwenge
  • Southern Kasese
  • Average rainfall of 1,270 mm with high variability, from about 800 over eastern L. Albert parts to about 1400mm over the western parts.
  • Two rainy seasons, main season from August to November with peak in October and secondary season March to May with peak in April.

 

  • Main, dry season from December to about mid March secondary dry season is June to July.
  • Evaporation exceeds rainfall by a factor of up to 5 during the dry months. During the rainy months, rainfall is greater or equal to evaporation.
  • Temperature range from 15 – 30 °C
  • Altitude ranges from 621 – 1,585 m ASL
  • Soils are generally good to moderate
  • Land available for agriculture and
  • under utilized
  • Small to large scale farming but
  • majority are smallholder
  • Out-grower systems existing
  • Infrastructure moderately developed
  • Land ownership disputes in some
  • parts
  • Ongoing programmes include
  • NAADS, DDSP, Fisheries
  • Development Project

1. Robusta coffee
2. Tea
3. Apiculture
4. Maize
5. Bananas (Brewing)
6. Beans
7. Beef cattle/Hides

8

  • Eastern Masindi
  • Nakasongola
  • Northern Luwero
  • Central Kiboga
  • Southern Mubende
  • Western Mpigi
  • Western Masaka
  • Western Rakai
  • Sembabule
  • Eastern Mbarara
  • Southern Ntungamo
  • Northern Bundibugyo
  • Average rainfall range of 915 to 1021 mm
  • Two rainy seasons, main season from March to May with peak in April and secondary season in September to December with a modest peak in November.

 

  • Main dry season June to August, secondary dry season is January to February.
  • Evaporation exceeds rainfall by a factor of about 6 during the dry months in June to August. During the main rainy months, April and May rainfall

equals evaporation

• Temperature ranges from 12.5 – 30°C
• Altitude ranges from 129 – 1,524 m ASL

  • Rolling hills with some flat areas
  • Soils are moderate to poor
  • Mainly small holders with a lot of
  • communal grazing
  • Agro pastoral practices
  • Low literacy level
  • Absentee landlords with squatter population
  • Infrastructure and marketing
  • systems are poor to moderate
  • National Livestock Productivity
  • Improvement Project (NLPIP) is an on-going programme

 

  • Beef cattle
  • Dairy cattle
  • Goats
  • Spices (Bird’s eye chillies)
  • Apiculture
  • Citrus
  • Pineapples

Zone

District

Enterprises

9

1. Western Mbarara
2. Bushenyi
3. Northern  Ntungamo
4. Rukungiri
5. Northern Kanungu

Average rainfall range of 1,120 – 1,223
mm

  • High variability, lowest about 800 mm Kasese Rift Valley, highest over slopes of Rwenzori mountains, over 1500mm
  • Two rainy seasons, main season from August to November with peak in September to November and secondary season in March to May with peak in April.
  • For Mubende and Luwero the main season is March to May with a peak in April and the Secondary season from October to December with a peak in November.
  • Evaporation exceeds rainfall by a factor of about 5 during the dry months from December to March.
  • During the rainy months of March, and August to
  • November rainfall exceeds evaporation.

 

  • Main dry season is from December to late March, secondary dry season is June to August.
  • Temperature ranges from 12.5 – 30°C
  • Altitude ranges from 129 – 1,524 m ASL
  • Shortage of land and land
  • fragmentation in some parts of the
  • zone
  • Largely small to medium scale
  • intensive farming
  • Potential for block farming e.g. in
  • Kasese
  • Moderate literacy rate
  • Relatively well organized and
  • moderately endowed
  • Infrastructure and marketing systems
  • are fairly well developed
  • Farmers’ entrepreneurial skills are well
  • developed
  • Attitudes towards farming are good
  • Ongoing programmes include NAADS,
  • Area-based Agricultural Programme,
  • IFAD, FDP

1. Robusta coffee
2. Tea
3. Dairy /Hides
4. Fisheries
5. Bananas (Dessert)
6. Vanilla
7. Tobacco


10

1. Northern Mbale
2. Southern Sironko
3.Southern Kapchorwa
4. Southern Kanungu
5. Kabale
6. Kisoro
7. Northern Kasese
8. Southern
Bundibugyo

  • Rainfall usually more than 1400 mm
  • Two main rainy seasons from September
  • to December for the Kabale, Kisoro and Kasese region
  • One long rainy season from March to October with peak in April and Secondary peak in August for Northern Mbale, Southern Sironko, Southern Kapchorwa
  • Temperature ranges from 7.5 – 27.5 °C
  • Altitude ranges from 1,299 – 3,962 m ASL
  • Soils are mostly young volcanic and
  • are rich in nutrients
  • Mountainous high altitude areas
  • Cultivated land is highly fragmented
  • with small plots covering terraced
  • hillsides
  • Infrastructure is poor largely due to
  • the terrain
  • Entrepreneurial skills fairly developed
  • Stable geo-politically
  • Ongoing programmes include NAADS,
  • Agro Forestry, African Highlands

initiatives, AFRICARE, IUCN, CARE

1. Arabica Coffee
2. Passion fruit
3. Vanilla
4. Dairy / Hides
5. Spices (Cardamom,
White/Black pepper,)
6. Maize
7. Irish potatoes

Source: Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry & Fisheries