Size and Structure of the Economy Forests and woodlands cover approximately 4.9
million hectares in Uganda, about 24% of the total
land area. The vast majority of this is woodland
(19%), while the rest is tropical moist forest (5%)
and forest. In 2011, Forestry contribution to GDP
was 3%. The sector offers employment in the formal
and informal sectors.
Source: National Forest Authority
There are 698 (1,266,000 hectares) gazetted forest reserves. In addition, 730,000 hectares are located in national parks and game reserves. The majority of the reserves are less than 1,000 hectares. Of the total gazetted forest reserves, 506 are Central Forest Reserves (CFR) and 192 Local Forest Reserves (LFR). The central forest reserves, which account for 30 per cent of the national forest cover, are managed by NFA and Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) while the Local forest reserves are managed by Local Governments.
Besides the publicly managed forest reserves, there is a growing number of privately owned commercial forests.
Uganda is endowed with various tree species that provide all the desired categories of timber. The most common are the hard wood species. Other exotic tree species are being introduced.
The total forest reserve area is estimated at 1,277,684 hectares, of which 99.6 % is under the Central Forest Reserves while 0.4% is on Local Forest Reserves. Uganda offers six (6) principal indigenous/natural forest reserves for harvesting with hard wood species such as Chlorophora excelsa, Celtis, Maesopsis eminii, Entandrophragma, Cynometra alexandrii, Lovoa brownii, and Newtonia buchanani
Table of Principal Forest Reserves, Location and Sizes
Source: National Biomass Study Forestry Regulatory Authority
Current structure of Players in the Sector Policy, Legal and Regulatory Framework
The governing law for the sector is the National Forestry and Tree Planting Act 2003. It subdivides the sector into five different forest managers namely; National Forest Authority (NFA) to manage the Central Forest Reserves, the District Forestry Services responsible for the Local Government Forests/Local Forest Reserves, Community Forests managed by the community and Forests on private land by the private land owners. The Act also established a Forest Inspection Division (Forestry Sector Support Department) to provide supportive backup to both the NFA and District Forest Services.
Demand Drivers and Resource Base Factors
Biomass Energy requirements
which is based on forest biodiversity is becoming a market niche for Uganda.
General purpose timber:
The main requirement in Uganda is general purpose timber for construction and furniture making. Species like pine are very suitable for these markets and could eventually replace much of the hardwood timber.
Investment and Business Opportunities
The Sector offers numerous opportunities in areas such as:
There are also opportunities in afforestation and reforestation especially of forest medicinal trees and craft material. Examples:
Investment in the sector has registered steady increase in both plantation and value addition activities. There are several on-going forestry projects some of which include:
Uganda Investment Authority
P.O. Box 7418 Kampala, Uganda
|Uganda Registration Services Bureau (URSB)
Plot 5 George Street
4th Floor Georgian House
P.O. Box 6848, Kampala
|National Forestry Authority
10/20 Spring Road, Nakawa
Tel: +256-312-264035/6, 414-230365/6
|Saw Log Grant Scheme
Plot 92 Luthuli Avenue, Bugolobi Kampala
|Uganda Manufacturers Association (UMA)
Lugogo Show Grounds
P.O. Box 6966 Kampala
|National Forestry Resources Research Institute
P.O. Box 1752, Kampala
|Uganda Revenue Authority
Headquarters: Nakawa Industrial Area
Postal: P.O. Box 7279, Kampala Uganda
General line: +256-41-334000/1-10
|National Research Organization (NARO), Forestry
Research Institute (FORI)
P.O. Box 1752, Kampala
|National Environmental Management Authority
NEMA HOUSE, Plot 17/19/21 Jinja Road
P O Box 22255 Kampala - Uganda
| Uganda Wildlife Authority
Plot 7 Kira Road, Kamwokya
P.O. Box 3530, Kampala Uganda
Tel: +256-41-346287, 346288, 355000
MAP:Forest Reserves in Uganda