Social Sector

Night Life in Kampala City

Credit: Photo/Newvision


Population size and growth:

Uganda’s population  34.6 million (July 2011).
Annual growth rate 3.4%
Below 20 years of age 70%
Females; 52%
Male 48%
Urbanisation trends 5.6% p.a

Capacity building:

Enrolment (Primary) 8.4 million
Secondary 1.2 million
Tertiary 140,000
Higher institutions197,000
Source: UBOS Statistical Abstract 2012

Projected Population Growth 2005 -2025

Source: National Housing and Construction Company 

  Labour and Employment

  • Projected labour force in 2020                                          19 million

  • The labour force participation rate  

  • with more males than females                                          82%

  • Combined unemployment and underemployment         14 per cent

  • Average monthly income (2011)                                       384,000 Ugx

  • Unemployment rate                                                             4.2%


Activity status of the workforce

  • Self employed                                                                      76.4%

  • Paid employment                                                                  23.6%

Sector of Employment

  • Agriculture, mining & quarrying                                        66%

  • Services                                                                                 27.9%

  • Manufacturing                                                                      6%

Source: UBOS Statistical Abstract 2012

  Demand Drivers

  • Enrolment in the universities producing high numbers of graduates that do not commensurate with the demand of labour supply in the labour market.
  • Population increase in an unemployed labour force
  • Poverty and unemployment
  • Increased number of tertiary institutions
  • Mismatch between the acquired skills and the required skills by various employers round the country.
  • High fertility rated at 5.4 which is expected to increase to 6 by 2014/2015
  • Rural urban migration
  • A positive work ethic

  Key Trends

The Ugandan economy faces the particular challenge of needing to absorb 392000 new entrants into the labour market each year (Ministry of Gender, Labour Social and development 2010). The latest data, released in the Uganda National Household Survey 2009/10 (UBOS 2010) indicates that the labour force growth has further accelerated to reach an annual rate of 4.7%. The employment to population ratio defined as total employment of the population aged 14-64 years as a percentage of the total population in the same age group is estimated to have increased from nearly 70% in 2005/6 to about 75% in 2009/2010 (UBOS 2010).


  • Private sector participation in investment in vocation education and training.
  • Exploitation of the financial incentives established by the Government to promote self-employment for the youth i.e. micro credit financial institutions.
  • Supply of equipment and materials to vocational education and training institutions.
  • Investment in specialized academies e.g. sports and creative art academies. .
  • Exploit grants for non-formal skills development on an apprenticeship basis by SMEs
  • Investment in entertainment centres, entertainment houses, concert halls,  and in management of choirs, bands and entertainment groups.
  • Establishment of private social incubators for the purpose of development of entrepreneurial skills and business and social counselling.

  • Investment in social rehabilitation centres for alcoholics, drug addicts and sex workers.
  • Investment in Labour Market Information System (LMIS), recruitment centres and job exchange programmes.
  • Investment in social network clubs i.e. dating agencies, star call centres and blogging.
  • Homes for the elderly


Sector Specific Licensing Requirements
The Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development as well as Ministry of Ethics and Integrity are responsible for secondary licensing. (Refer to Appendix)

  Useful Addresses and Contacts

Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS)
Plot 9 Colville Street
Statistics House
Tel: 256-414-706000

Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development:
Plot 2 Lumumba Avenue Simbamanyo House
Tel: 256-414-347854/5