Water and Sanitation
Size and Structure of the Economy
Size and structure
The water and sanitation sector has been under serious consideration since 2000. The Current investment plan is expected to cover the period 2000-2015. Between 2009/10 and 2010/11, the water produced by NWSC increased from 70.5 t0 77.7 million cubic meters.
NWSC is the main provider of metered water in Uganda with the total capacity of 318, 842 m3 per day. It operates in 23 towns, 19 of which have water treatment works. The share of households with access to improved water sources has improved significantly over recent years, form 62.2% in 2002/3 to 73.8% in 2010/11. In order to ensure continued increases in access to quality water and sanitation, government is making more capital investment in a range water schemes. However, half of the districts are still below the national average of 63%. Water coverage in 130 sub-counties out of 1,024 is below 39%.
The Directorate of Water Development (DWD) also supplies water especially in the rural areas and small towns through the provision of boreholes. Over the years, there has been a general increase in the amount of water supplied by DWD. In 2009/10, DWD supplied about 3.6 million cubic metres and in 2010/11, it supplied 3.9 million cubic metres registering an increment of 11 %. It is worth noting that the amount of water supplied to small towns has tripled since period 2006/07. Close to 19 million people live in rural areas, which are served by about 16,000 point sources and small, rural piped systems.
According to a recent (World Bank report, 2011), most of the population relies on agriculture and safe water supplies that are limited.
Key Players within Sector
Demand Drivers and Resource Based Factors
Resource Base Factors
Sector Specific Licensing Requirements
Sector Specific Incentives for Investors
Useful Addresses and Contacts
National Enviromental Managment Authority (NEMA)