About Uganda


Uganda – Key Features and their Economic Implications


Uganda’s Geographical Position

uganda map

Source: Uganda Investment Authority

Uganda is located in the Eastern part of Africa, in the centre of the Great Lakes region, providing easy access to markets in Eastern and Southern Africa. Key information about Uganda is presented in form of geographical indicators below.

Geographical Indicators

Latitude 4º12’N & 1º29’S
Longitude 29º34’E & 35º0’E
Altitude (minimum ASL) 620 metres
(Maximum ASL) 5,110 metres
Total surface area 241,550.7 km²
Area under water and swamps 41,743 km²
Temperature 16-31ºC
Rainfall 700 -2000 mm/year


Uganda’s climate is mainly tropical with 2 seasons of both dry and wet weather, able to sustain 2 farming seasons in a year. The northeast of Uganda is semiarid and therefore drier. Uganda’s location astride the equator and the wonderful weather make it an all year round tourist destination.

Land Use

Approximately 21% of the land is under cultivation, 45% is under woodland and grassland. Approximately 13 % of the land is set aside as national parks, forests, and game reserves.

Uganda’s fertile land is suited for all year round farming of agricultural crops, which can be sold both locally and to export markets.


Uganda has a population of 33.4 million (2010). It has an educated, adaptable and trainable labour force which has been growing at a rate of 2.9% per annum. The World Labour Flexibility index ranks Uganda at par with the USA - number 1, translated to mean that Uganda has the most flexible labour market in the world. A comparative analysis of Uganda’s demographic indicators with those of Sub-Saharan Africa and low income countries is highlighted in Table 1 below.

 Comparative Analysis of Uganda’s Demographic Indicators with Sub-Saharan Africa and Low Income Countries

  Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa Low- income
Population, mid-year (millions) 33.4 853 796
GNI per capita (Atlas method, US$) 500 1,176 528
Average annual growth, 2004-10   
Population (%) 3.2 2.5 2.1

Labour force (%) 2.9 2.8 2.6
Urban population (% of total population) 13 37 8

Source: World Bank

The official language is English. However, Swahili is the official language in the East African Community.