Uganda – Key Features and their Economic Implications
Uganda’s Geographical Position
Source: Uganda Investment Authority
Uganda is located in the Eastern part of Africa, in the centre of the Great Lakes region, providing easy access to markets in Eastern and Southern Africa. Key information about Uganda is presented in form of geographical indicators below.
|Latitude||4º12’N & 1º29’S|
|Longitude||29º34’E & 35º0’E|
|Altitude (minimum ASL)||620 metres|
|(Maximum ASL)||5,110 metres|
|Total surface area||241,550.7 km²|
|Area under water and swamps||41,743 km²|
|Rainfall||700 -2000 mm/year|
Uganda’s climate is mainly tropical with 2 seasons of
both dry and wet weather, able to sustain 2 farming
seasons in a year. The northeast of Uganda is semiarid
and therefore drier. Uganda’s location astride
the equator and the wonderful weather make it an
all year round tourist destination.
Approximately 21% of the land is under
cultivation, 45% is under woodland and grassland.
Approximately 13 % of the land is set aside as
national parks, forests, and game reserves.
Uganda’s fertile land is suited for all year round farming of agricultural crops, which can be sold both locally and to export markets.
Uganda has a population of 33.4 million (2010). It
has an educated, adaptable and trainable labour
force which has been growing at a rate of 2.9% per
annum. The World Labour Flexibility index ranks
Uganda at par with the USA - number 1, translated
to mean that Uganda has the most flexible labour market in the world. A comparative analysis of
Uganda’s demographic indicators with those of
Sub-Saharan Africa and low income countries is
highlighted in Table 1 below.
Comparative Analysis of Uganda’s Demographic Indicators with Sub-Saharan Africa and Low Income Countries
|Uganda||Sub-Saharan Africa||Low- income|
|Population, mid-year (millions)||33.4||853||796|
|GNI per capita (Atlas method, US$)||500||1,176||528|
|Average annual growth, 2004-10|
|Labour force (%)||2.9||2.8||2.6|
|Urban population (% of total population)||13||37||8|
Source: World Bank
The official language is English. However, Swahili is the official language in the East African Community.